Geotechnical monitoring is important because soil and rock constitute the largest construction material by volume used in a built environment and understanding their behavior as engineering materials is critical to the design of building foundation systems, earth and rock fill dams, tunnels and other underground structures, and all other facilities constructed of or in contact with soil or rock.
Heave and settlement.
Underground water level.
Underground water pressure.
Soil Mechanical properties studies.
Soil improvement tests.
Recharging and discharging process of the shallow aquifer.
General Geotechnical studies.